Biodiversity Landscapes Forum

Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar 26th January 2015

Theme: Designing mechanisms and building partnerships for the strategic planning and management of transboundary and other biodiversity landscapes


Biodiversity landscapes constitute a large proportion of the natural capital remaining in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). They are a rich repository of globally important biodiversity, including many endemic and endangered species, and provide vital ecosystem services. This wealth of natural capital underpins the subregion’s security in terms of energy, food, and water. Seven of these landscapes cut across international borders. These transboundary biodiversity landscapes (TBLs), which are the focus of the GMS Core Environment Program, lie in juxtaposition to the GMS economic corridors, providing both challenges and opportunities for their effective management and conservation.

Landscape-scale conservation management is a major challenge with respect to sustaining natural capital in the GMS, especially against a backdrop of rapid economic development. The Fourth GMS Environment Ministers’ Meeting (EMM4) provided a timely opportunity to explore the potential for collaborative approaches to improve land-use planning and management at landscape scales, especially across international borders. 

The Forum aimed to bring together a wide range of government, development, and other partners from GMS countries and further afield to consider the priority enabling conditions and mechanisms necessary to address the challenges of securing and enhancing natural capital at landscape scales. The outputs fed into the Natural Capital Dialogue on the 28 January and be consolidated in an Action Plan. 


  • Identify the current status of TBL management, key challenges, and drivers of change to provide a basis for conservation management strategy development.
  • Explore the contribution of biodiversity landscapes, especially TBLs, in sustaining natural capital in the GMS.
  • Share international and regional experiences on biodiversity landscape cooperation and management, and identify priority enabling conditions and mechanisms for partners and other stakeholders to engage in the strategic planning and management of TBLs.
  • Identify potential mechanisms and implementation activities for transboundary conservation cooperation and biodiversity landscape management.
  • Input priorities and recommendations to the Natural Capital Dialogue and develop them further for incorporating into an Action Plan to mainstream natural capital and increase investments in natural capital in the GMS.

Back to Online Library