Cambodia: Cardamom Mountains BCI Pilot Site (2006 to 2009)

This biodiversity conservation corridor pilot site in the southwest of Cambodia covers 936,522 hectares in three provinces. The area is rich in forest resources, and is also home to many regionally threatened mammals and birds.

Within the site, roads are considered the highest threat to the area’s biodiversity; along with hunting and trapping; agricultural expansion and intensification, and commercial, residential, and tourism development. Other, more localized, threats include mining, illegal logging and dam development.

BCI pilot activities focused on 20 villages in eight communes in Koh Kong Province, with a further 10 villages in Kompong Speu and Pursat Provinces (Cardamom Mountains landscape). Over 90% of households in the corridor area have insufficient cash income to meet basic needs.

Pilot site initiatives occurred under three main areas: poverty reduction, land use planning and management, and ecosystem restoration.

Poverty reduction measures at the Cardamom site focused largely on support for agricultural improvement practices such as rice paddy restoration and the System of Rice Intensification methodology to increase yields. Ecological chicken raising and composting initiatives were also introduced. Community-based eco-tourism was set up in two communes to support alternative livelihood opportunities, and involved boating and trekking trips.

An example of an ecosystem restoration initiative was the establishment of a pilot restoration tree nursery on the outskirts of Chi Phat commune, where local community members created a stockpile of over 675,000 seeds.

Overall, feedback from beneficiaries and stakeholders involved in the BCI pilot site was positive, with many reporting improved skills and awareness of livelihood opportunities, as well as forest protection and management.

About 60% of stakeholders participated in forest restoration and conservation activities, with 1,320 hectares of land reforested. In total, 13 small-scale infrastructure projects were undertaken,

Five conservation agreements for community-based natural resource management were entered into, with the result that land clearing, wildlife hunting and trading has been reduced and in some areas stopped.

Project implementation was led by the Wildlife Alliance, with support from Conservation International and Fauna & Flora International.

In early 2011 Cambodia received a $19 million grant from ADB to further the work begun by CEP on the Cardamom Mountains and Eastern Plains pilot site. The Cardamom BCI site is now under the remit of the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project.  


File Name Size Modified
Summary BCI Impact Assessment ​- Cambodia.pdf 273 KB 28-06-2012

Publish Date: 11th May 2012

Last Updated: 4th June 2014

See also

Guangxi Project Brief - Biodiversity Landscape and Livelihood

2nd March 2018

The GMS Core Environment Program (CEP) has been working with China's Guangxi Environmental Protection Department (GEPD) since 2006 to pilot biodiversity conservation initiatives in the Sino-Viet Nam Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL).

With its unique and vast karst formations, spread out across more than 40% of its land surface, the biodiversity conservation corridor pilot sites are located in southwest Guangxi stretching down to the borders of Viet Nam. CEP has supported the two environment agencies of Cao Bang and Guangxi provinces achieve significant restoration and conservation of the limestone forest and biodiversity in the region as well as the ecological integrity of gibbon habitats.

The brief entitled “Guangxi’s Biodiversity Landscape & Livelihood Project” entails the origin of the project, and milestones of the biodiversity landscape and corridor management, including key community-based conservation practices that improve ecosystem integrity and the living condition of surrounding communities, provincial support unit, strengthened transboundary cooperation on biodiversity conservation, and project outlook.      

More details

Cambodia, Thailand Partner to Strengthen Cross-Border Biodiversity Conservation

13th February 2018

Cambodia and Thailand have agreed to work together to protect wildlife and ecosystems along their borders. The environment ministries of the two Mekong countries signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on 31 January 2018 to jointly strengthen conservation efforts in transboundary forest areas.

More details
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