Cambodia: Eastern Plains BCI Pilot Site (2006 to 2009)
This biodiversity conservation corridor pilot area connects four protected areas in Mondulkiri province, Cambodia. Covering 50,000 hectares, the area is rich in forest resources, and is also home to many regionally threatened mammals and birds.
Efforts to monitor biodiversity in the area are relatively new, but it is known that populations of key species – including the tiger, Asian elephant, and leopard – have declined since the turn of the millennium.
Within the site, the major threat to biodiversity is habitat loss through shifting cultivation, while more localized threats include logging, hunting, trapping, mining and dams. The expansion of nearby towns and road development is also of concern.
BCI pilot activities focused on 13 villages in seven communes. Over 90% of households in the corridor area have insufficient cash income to meet basic needs.
Pilot site activities were conducted under three main areas: poverty reduction, land use planning and management, and ecosystem restoration.
Poverty reduction examples included support to establish a wild honey product line, which directly benefited 46 families. Agricultural support initiatives also contributed to livelihoods, including improved practices for rice farming as well as poultry, frog, and fish rearing. A savings and loan scheme set up in two villages was providing direct support to more than 320 families while a home-stay and bird-watching ecotourism initiative was provided much needed income in two villages.
Under land use planning and management, 12 natural resource management committees were established in seven communes. The committees gained government recognition and had success with mobilizing local community members in the management and regulation of land use. Government signed conservation agreements for community-based natural resource management were achieved in two communes and covered nearly 5,000 hectares while other agreements, on an additional 14,800 hectares, were under consideration.
Overall, feedback from beneficiaries and stakeholders involved in the pilot site was positive, with many reporting improved skills and awareness of livelihood opportunities, as well as forest protection and management.
The project was implemented by the World Wildlife Fund and the Wildlife Conservation Society.
In early 2011 Cambodia received a $19 million grant from ADB to further the work begun by CEP on the Cardamom Mountains and Eastern Plains pilot site. The Eastern Plains BCI site is now under the remit of the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project.
|Summary BCI Impact Assessment Cambodia.pdf||273 KB||28-06-2012|
Publish Date: 11th May 2012
Last Updated: 4th June 2014