Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in GMS rural communities

Rural communities in the GMS are particularly vulnerable to climate change. While there is considerable indigenous knowledge within communities on managing climate-related risks, understanding how a community’s vulnerability profile will change from climate and non-climate risks is essential for empowering local people to develop strategies for a climate-resilient future.

In 2010, CEP conducted a study on biodiversity, food security, water resources and livelihoods in the GMS. The study identified a need to better understand the potential impacts of climate change on rural communities through an appropriate assessment methodology. To inform adaptation planning at the community level, the methodology must be simple, practical, and participatory.

In response, CEP developed and tested a participatory framework to conduct local-level climate vulnerability assessment and identify adaptation responses. The framework incorporates the use of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools i.e. participatory hazard mapping, cropping and event calendars, household surveys and group discussions. During 2011 and 2012, the framework was tested on selected agricultural communities in three countries: Xe Pian-Dong Hua Sao in Lao PDR, Tenasserim in Thailand, and Ngoc Linh-Xe Sap in Viet Nam. In mid-2014, lessons from the study were captured in the publication "Climate Change and Rural Communities in the GMS: A Framework for Assessing Vulnerability and Adaptation Options."

Building on this work, in early 2015, the Southeast Asia START Regional Center was engaged by CEP to:

  • Develop a communication package for GMS practitioners on the principles of climate change and adaptation.
  • Enhance the framework and method (developed during CEP Phase I) to assess climate vulnerability and adaptation options at the community level.
  • Develop guidelines for community-level assessment and adaptation planning.
  • Develop a training curriculum and conduct three training workshops for GMS practitioners. 
  • Develop an online platform to support adaptation planning in the GMS, featuring climate projections data, analytical tools, as well as training materials and guidelines. 

From August 2016 to February 2017, a three phase training module was delivered to government planners from Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam to enable them to work with communities involved in the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors project and effectively integrate climate change considerations into community development plans. Training of trainers and national language materials, plus an online portal will be developed so that the community assessments and adaptation planning can be scaled-up.



File Name Size Modified
Risks​_and​_Adaptation​_in​_Climate​_Change​_in​_BCI​_Sites.pdf 4 MB 22-01-2013

Publish Date: 1st June 2012

Last Updated: 24th February 2017

See also

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1 to 2 April 2019

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ADB Project to Modernize Irrigation Systems, Improve Agricultural Productivity in Viet Nam

27th November 2018

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved over $100 million in financing to help the Government of Viet Nam install eight modernized irrigation systems in five drought-affected provinces, which will improve agricultural productivity, especially among farmers growing high-value crops such as coffee, peppers, grapes, dragon fruits, and mangoes.

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