Climate Integrated Management of Transboundary Landscapes (2015–2016)

Transboundary biodiversity landscapes in the GMS are rich in natural capital, but are increasingly under threat from development and climate change pressures, leading to environmental degradation and more vulnerable local communities.

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches can be a cost-effective means to address many development and climate change threats. EbA uses biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change (CBD 2013). In doing so, EbA often generates other conservation and livelihood benefits.

For example, a widely promoted EbA activity is the rehabilitation of coastal mangrove forests, which can greatly reduce the damage caused by storm surges by preventing coastal erosion and protecting community infrastructure. Healthy mangrove forests also support spawning grounds for fish and other marine life, which in turn provides nutrition as well as livelihood opportunities for communities.

Under this activity, CEP is supporting GMS countries to strengthen their climate resilience by integrating EbA into the management of seven transboundary landscapes. EbA is a good fit for transboundary landscapes as their ecosystems are not restricted by traditional planning areas that usually end at national or provincial borders.

Major tasks under this activity include:

  • Conduct climate vulnerability assessments for seven transboundary landscapes.
  • Integrate EbA into transboundary landscape management strategies.
  • Strengthen mechanisms for transboundary landscape management .
  • Inform transboundary landscape monitoring on climate related trends and status.
  • Identify investment opportunities to scale up EbA.

The activities will complement ongoing CEP conservation and livelihood support in the landscapes as well as strengthen efforts to develop an EbA frameworkfor the subregion (led by the GMS Forest and Biodiversity Program–Global Environment Facility, World Bank, World Wildlife Fund).

Funding support for CEP’s climate change activities is provided through the Global Environment Facility and Nordic Development Fund. 


File Name Size Modified
GMS EBA brief.pdf 1 MB 07-12-2015

Publish Date: 14th October 2014

Last Updated: 5th June 2016

See also

Consultation Workshop on GMS Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Program (SAFSP)

3 to 4 April 2019

GMS Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Program (SAFSP): The proposed TA will build on accomplishments of the two phases of the Core Agriculture Support Program and support the implementation of Strategy for Promoting Safe and Environment-Friendly Agro-Based Value Chains in the GMS and Siem Reap Action Plan, which was endorsed by the GMS Agriculture Ministers in late 2017. The SAFSP interventions will focus on areas such as (i) climate-smart and gender-conscious agricultural value chains, (ii) food safety and quality, and (iii) water-food-energy nexus in a warming world (through the adoption of climate-friendly agricultural adaptation practices and technologies).


SAFSP will focus on ADB’s value addition in advancing the use of advanced digital technologies, leveraging investments and applying integrated solutions on the safe, environment and climate-friendly agro-based value chains in the GMS. The TA will assist GMS towards becoming a more integrated, prosperous, inclusive, resilient and sustainable subregion, by focusing on principles such as “food safety for all, climate-friendly agriculture, inclusiveness of small farmers, gender empowerment, corporate social responsibility, good governance, benefits for all GMS countries, and integration with ASEAN”.


The SAFSP will have the following themes to be implemented over 5 years:


      1.          Greening of agribusiness supply chains

      2.          Inclusive and gender-conscious food value chains

      3.          Financing climate-friendly agribusinesses

      4.          Food safety and quality standards, certification and traceability

      5.          Cross-border animal health and value chain development

      6.          Water for food security in a changing climate

      7.          Agricultural adaptation in the context of water-food-energy nexus


The Asian Development Bank (ADB) organized a workshop on the GMS SAFSP on 3-4 April 2019in Kunming, People’s Republic of China. The workshop was divided into six sessions, where each session discussed (i) key challenges for each seven themes, (ii)  current status (e.g. policies, building capacities and mobilizing investment for infrastructure), and best practices that could be replicated, (iii)  key priorities for action, and (iv) advantages or disadvantages in adopting a regional approach.

More than 80 participants attended. Delegates included senior government officials from 6ADB developing member countries, senior staff from international and regional development organizations, including ADB, non-government organizations, academia, and the private sector.

The agenda and presentation materials can be downloaded below.


More details

Consultation Workshop on GMS Climate Change and Environment Sustainability Program (CCESP)

1 to 2 April 2019

Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Climate Change and Environment Sustainability Program (CCESP): The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) on CCESP will build on the key achievements of two phases of the Core Environment Program and support the implementation of the GMS Core Environment Program Strategic Framework and Action Plan 2018-2022, which was endorsed at the Fifth GMS Environment Ministers’ Meeting held in 2018. The CCESP will focus on creating enabling conditions to leverage additional investment in priority areas such as (i) green technologies and sustainable infrastructure; (ii) natural resources and ecosystem services; and (iii) green growth, climate resilience and disaster risk management.

More details
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