Climate Integrated Management of Transboundary Landscapes (2015–2016)

Transboundary biodiversity landscapes in the GMS are rich in natural capital, but are increasingly under threat from development and climate change pressures, leading to environmental degradation and more vulnerable local communities.

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches can be a cost-effective means to address many development and climate change threats. EbA uses biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change (CBD 2013). In doing so, EbA often generates other conservation and livelihood benefits.

For example, a widely promoted EbA activity is the rehabilitation of coastal mangrove forests, which can greatly reduce the damage caused by storm surges by preventing coastal erosion and protecting community infrastructure. Healthy mangrove forests also support spawning grounds for fish and other marine life, which in turn provides nutrition as well as livelihood opportunities for communities.

Under this activity, CEP is supporting GMS countries to strengthen their climate resilience by integrating EbA into the management of seven transboundary landscapes. EbA is a good fit for transboundary landscapes as their ecosystems are not restricted by traditional planning areas that usually end at national or provincial borders.

Major tasks under this activity include:

  • Conduct climate vulnerability assessments for seven transboundary landscapes.
  • Integrate EbA into transboundary landscape management strategies.
  • Strengthen mechanisms for transboundary landscape management .
  • Inform transboundary landscape monitoring on climate related trends and status.
  • Identify investment opportunities to scale up EbA.

The activities will complement ongoing CEP conservation and livelihood support in the landscapes as well as strengthen efforts to develop an EbA frameworkfor the subregion (led by the GMS Forest and Biodiversity Program–Global Environment Facility, World Bank, World Wildlife Fund).

Funding support for CEP’s climate change activities is provided through the Global Environment Facility and Nordic Development Fund. 


File Name Size Modified
GMS EBA brief.pdf 1 MB 07-12-2015

Publish Date: 14th October 2014

Last Updated: 5th June 2016

See also

Guangxi Project Brief - Biodiversity Landscape and Livelihood

2nd March 2018

The GMS Core Environment Program (CEP) has been working with China's Guangxi Environmental Protection Department (GEPD) since 2006 to pilot biodiversity conservation initiatives in the Sino-Viet Nam Transboundary Biodiversity Landscape (TBL).

With its unique and vast karst formations, spread out across more than 40% of its land surface, the biodiversity conservation corridor pilot sites are located in southwest Guangxi stretching down to the borders of Viet Nam. CEP has supported the two environment agencies of Cao Bang and Guangxi provinces achieve significant restoration and conservation of the limestone forest and biodiversity in the region as well as the ecological integrity of gibbon habitats.

The brief entitled “Guangxi’s Biodiversity Landscape & Livelihood Project” entails the origin of the project, and milestones of the biodiversity landscape and corridor management, including key community-based conservation practices that improve ecosystem integrity and the living condition of surrounding communities, provincial support unit, strengthened transboundary cooperation on biodiversity conservation, and project outlook.      

More details

Green Freight Company Profile: Jira Charoen Ltd., Thailand

26th February 2018

Jira Charoen, a family-owned road transport company, joined the Green Freight Initiative to help achieve its social and environment goals.

More details
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