Climate Integrated Management of Transboundary Landscapes (2015–2016)

Transboundary biodiversity landscapes in the GMS are rich in natural capital, but are increasingly under threat from development and climate change pressures, leading to environmental degradation and more vulnerable local communities.

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches can be a cost-effective means to address many development and climate change threats. EbA uses biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change (CBD 2013). In doing so, EbA often generates other conservation and livelihood benefits.

For example, a widely promoted EbA activity is the rehabilitation of coastal mangrove forests, which can greatly reduce the damage caused by storm surges by preventing coastal erosion and protecting community infrastructure. Healthy mangrove forests also support spawning grounds for fish and other marine life, which in turn provides nutrition as well as livelihood opportunities for communities.

Under this activity, CEP is supporting GMS countries to strengthen their climate resilience by integrating EbA into the management of seven transboundary landscapes. EbA is a good fit for transboundary landscapes as their ecosystems are not restricted by traditional planning areas that usually end at national or provincial borders.

Major tasks under this activity include:

  • Conduct climate vulnerability assessments for seven transboundary landscapes.
  • Integrate EbA into transboundary landscape management strategies.
  • Strengthen mechanisms for transboundary landscape management .
  • Inform transboundary landscape monitoring on climate related trends and status.
  • Identify investment opportunities to scale up EbA.

The activities will complement ongoing CEP conservation and livelihood support in the landscapes as well as strengthen efforts to develop an EbA frameworkfor the subregion (led by the GMS Forest and Biodiversity Program–Global Environment Facility, World Bank, World Wildlife Fund).

Funding support for CEP’s climate change activities is provided through the Global Environment Facility and Nordic Development Fund. 


File Name Size Modified
GMS EBA brief.pdf 1 MB 07-12-2015

Publish Date: 14th October 2014

Last Updated: 5th June 2016

See also

Consultation Workshop on GMS Climate Change and Environment Sustainability Program (CCESP)

1 to 2 April 2019

Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Climate Change and Environment Sustainability Program (CCESP): The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) on CCESP will build on the key achievements of two phases of the Core Environment Program and support the implementation of the GMS Core Environment Program Strategic Framework and Action Plan 2018-2022, which was endorsed at the Fifth GMS Environment Ministers’ Meeting held in 2018. The CCESP will focus on creating enabling conditions to leverage additional investment in priority areas such as (i) green technologies and sustainable infrastructure; (ii) natural resources and ecosystem services; and (iii) green growth, climate resilience and disaster risk management.

More details

Digital Technologies for Advancing Food Security, Climate Action and Environmental Sustainability

14 to 15 March 2019

To assess current status of application of digital technologies in four areas:

1.Sustainable agriculture

2.Food traceability

3.Climate action (mitigation and adaptation)

4.Environmental sustainability


To solicit views from the representatives of the government, private sector, development partners and academia on most appropriate technologies, needs and gaps, and future priorities for action in the GMS


To identify opportunities for public-private partnerships in deployment of digital technologies in the GMS


More details
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