First round of environmental performance assessments
(2003–2006)

Environmental performance assessments were conducted in six GMS countries, namely Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam, and Yunnan Province in the PR China. This was part of an ADB regional technical assistance project known as Strategic Environment Framework Phase II (SEF II) conducted from 2003–2005.

In the first round of EPAs, each of the GMS countries identified six to seven priority environmental issues for analysis under the pressure-state-response framework. These included: natural resources – forestry, fisheries, coastal zones, and biodiversity; water resources – water pollution; land – land degradation; urban environments – solid waste, mobile source pollution, toxic contamination; and atmosphere – air pollution, ozone depletion, climate change.

Subregional EPAs were also completed within this first phase of EPA reports, and focused on selected transboundary environmental issues across the GMS – the Mekong’s vital functions, illegal trade in wildlife, and remaining biodiversity.

In addition, to demonstrate the usefulness of the EPA approach at the subnational level, a series of case studies were undertaken in each GMS country. Topics were wide ranging, encompassing: community fisheries and biodiversity conservation (Cambodia), solid waste management and inland water pollution (Lao PDR), urban and inland water resources management (Myanmar), forest resources management and inland water pollution (Thailand), and provincial level applications of SoE reporting (Viet Nam and Yunnan).

Available reports:

Cambodia EPA

Thailand EPA

PR China-Yunnan Province EPA

Lao PDR EPA

Myanmar EPA

Viet Nam EPA


Publish Date: 1st June 2006

Last Updated: 3rd June 2016


See also

Consultation Workshop on GMS Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Program (SAFSP)

3 to 4 April 2019
Event

GMS Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Program (SAFSP): The proposed TA will build on accomplishments of the two phases of the Core Agriculture Support Program and support the implementation of Strategy for Promoting Safe and Environment-Friendly Agro-Based Value Chains in the GMS and Siem Reap Action Plan, which was endorsed by the GMS Agriculture Ministers in late 2017. The SAFSP interventions will focus on areas such as (i) climate-smart and gender-conscious agricultural value chains, (ii) food safety and quality, and (iii) water-food-energy nexus in a warming world (through the adoption of climate-friendly agricultural adaptation practices and technologies).

 

SAFSP will focus on ADB’s value addition in advancing the use of advanced digital technologies, leveraging investments and applying integrated solutions on the safe, environment and climate-friendly agro-based value chains in the GMS. The TA will assist GMS towards becoming a more integrated, prosperous, inclusive, resilient and sustainable subregion, by focusing on principles such as “food safety for all, climate-friendly agriculture, inclusiveness of small farmers, gender empowerment, corporate social responsibility, good governance, benefits for all GMS countries, and integration with ASEAN”.

 

The SAFSP will have the following themes to be implemented over 5 years:

 

      1.          Greening of agribusiness supply chains

      2.          Inclusive and gender-conscious food value chains

      3.          Financing climate-friendly agribusinesses

      4.          Food safety and quality standards, certification and traceability

      5.          Cross-border animal health and value chain development

      6.          Water for food security in a changing climate

      7.          Agricultural adaptation in the context of water-food-energy nexus

 

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) organized a workshop on the GMS SAFSP on 3-4 April 2019in Kunming, People’s Republic of China. The workshop was divided into six sessions, where each session discussed (i) key challenges for each seven themes, (ii)  current status (e.g. policies, building capacities and mobilizing investment for infrastructure), and best practices that could be replicated, (iii)  key priorities for action, and (iv) advantages or disadvantages in adopting a regional approach.

More than 80 participants attended. Delegates included senior government officials from 6ADB developing member countries, senior staff from international and regional development organizations, including ADB, non-government organizations, academia, and the private sector.

The agenda and presentation materials can be downloaded below.

 

More details

GMS Environmental Performance Assessment, 2006-2016

24th October 2018
Publication

This report examines the environmental situation in the Greater Mekong Subregion based on a 10-year environmental performance assessment.

More details
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