First round of environmental performance assessments
(2003–2006)

Environmental performance assessments were conducted in six GMS countries, namely Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam, and Yunnan Province in the PR China. This was part of an ADB regional technical assistance project known as Strategic Environment Framework Phase II (SEF II) conducted from 2003–2005.

In the first round of EPAs, each of the GMS countries identified six to seven priority environmental issues for analysis under the pressure-state-response framework. These included: natural resources – forestry, fisheries, coastal zones, and biodiversity; water resources – water pollution; land – land degradation; urban environments – solid waste, mobile source pollution, toxic contamination; and atmosphere – air pollution, ozone depletion, climate change.

Subregional EPAs were also completed within this first phase of EPA reports, and focused on selected transboundary environmental issues across the GMS – the Mekong’s vital functions, illegal trade in wildlife, and remaining biodiversity.

In addition, to demonstrate the usefulness of the EPA approach at the subnational level, a series of case studies were undertaken in each GMS country. Topics were wide ranging, encompassing: community fisheries and biodiversity conservation (Cambodia), solid waste management and inland water pollution (Lao PDR), urban and inland water resources management (Myanmar), forest resources management and inland water pollution (Thailand), and provincial level applications of SoE reporting (Viet Nam and Yunnan).

Available reports:

Cambodia EPA

Thailand EPA

PR China-Yunnan Province EPA

Lao PDR EPA

Myanmar EPA

Viet Nam EPA


Publish Date: 1st June 2006

Last Updated: 3rd June 2016


See also

Game Changing New Technology for Forest Protection in Viet Nam

28th February 2018
News

Every day, tens of thousands of rural folks get together in small groups to patrol Viet Nam’s forests. On their rounds they record evidence of illegal logging, hunting, and other forms of encroachment. They assess the condition of the forests that they are protecting, keeping an eye out for recent landslides and signs of animals.

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Stimulating Knowledge Exchange Between the Countries

31st March 2018
News

The GMS countries share many common environmental challenges and each country is testing solutions to suit their national priorities and contexts. This creates fertile ground for the six countries to exchange experiences and ideas. Sometimes, the spark for a country to try new approaches can be created simply by bringing people together to inspire and learn from each other, as is happening in the GMS.

More details
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