Cambodia National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (2015-2016)

Required under Cambodia’s Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management, the country is developing a National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (NESAP) with the support of the GMS Core Environment Program . 

The NESAP identifies priority policy tools and financing options for sustainable natural resource management and environmental protection. It will guide government ministries, private sector, civil society, and development organizations to mainstream environmental considerations into development policies, plans, and investments.

In 1998, Cambodia produced its first, and only, National Environmental Action Plan covering 1998–2002. The NESAP will cover 2015–2023 to align with the country’s Rectangular Strategy and National Strategic Development Plan. It will complement the new National Environmental Code, which focuses on establishing a stronger legal framework and is being developed concurrently to the NESAP. 

Since November 2015 the NESAP development team has worked under the guidance of an Interministerial Taskforce comprising senior officials from 15 ministries. Representatives from major development organizations including the World Bank, ADB, the European Union have been involved via a series of national consultations. 

Analytical work for the NESAP has included: 

  • Assessing the potential socioeconomic benefits of improved environmental sustainability.
  • Reviewing the current status of environment and natural resources in the country.
  • Analyzing key drivers of environment and natural resources change.
  • Reviewing the implementation performance of existing development strategies on environment, green growth, and sustainable development and identifying key lessons.
  • Identifying and prioritizing policy mechanisms and tools, as well as financing options for incentivizing specific environment investments as well as environment mainstreaming in key economic and social sectors.
  • Identifying stakeholder roles to operationalize the NESAP.

As of January 2017 the final draft of the NESAP was being translated into Khmer and once ready will then require the endorsement of the National Council for Sustainable Development before being submitted to the Council of Ministers for approval.

Publish Date: 9th October 2015

Last Updated: 15th January 2017

See also

2nd Provincial Consultation on the NESAP

16th May 2016

Provincial authorities will have a key role in implementing policies and programs that stem from Cambodia's National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan (NESAP). This 2nd consultation workshop bought together government officials from the country's northeastern and northwestern provinces to inform them of the NESAP concept, process, and proposed policies and programs and seek their collaboration in its implementation.

Specific objectives included:

  • Present and build a shared understanding of the NESAP concept, vision, mission and overall principles;
  • Present NESAP progress to date and receive comments and feedback on the proposed priorities, policy, and financing options, including NESAP implementation activities;
  • Identify roles for provincial stakeholders in supporting environmental sustainability and reflect these into the NESAP; and
  • Seek agreement with provincial stakeholders on their role in engaging in NESAP formulation and implementation.
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