Cambodia National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (2015-2016)

Required under Cambodia’s Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management, the country is developing a National Environment Strategy and Action Plan (NESAP) with the support of the GMS Core Environment Program . 

The NESAP identifies priority policy tools and financing options for sustainable natural resource management and environmental protection. It will guide government ministries, private sector, civil society, and development organizations to mainstream environmental considerations into development policies, plans, and investments.

In 1998, Cambodia produced its first, and only, National Environmental Action Plan covering 1998–2002. The NESAP will cover 2015–2023 to align with the country’s Rectangular Strategy and National Strategic Development Plan. It will complement the new National Environmental Code, which focuses on establishing a stronger legal framework and is being developed concurrently to the NESAP. 

Since November 2015 the NESAP development team has worked under the guidance of an Interministerial Taskforce comprising senior officials from 15 ministries. Representatives from major development organizations including the World Bank, ADB, the European Union have been involved via a series of national consultations. 

Analytical work for the NESAP has included: 

  • Assessing the potential socioeconomic benefits of improved environmental sustainability.
  • Reviewing the current status of environment and natural resources in the country.
  • Analyzing key drivers of environment and natural resources change.
  • Reviewing the implementation performance of existing development strategies on environment, green growth, and sustainable development and identifying key lessons.
  • Identifying and prioritizing policy mechanisms and tools, as well as financing options for incentivizing specific environment investments as well as environment mainstreaming in key economic and social sectors.
  • Identifying stakeholder roles to operationalize the NESAP.

As of January 2017 the final draft of the NESAP was being translated into Khmer and once ready will then require the endorsement of the National Council for Sustainable Development before being submitted to the Council of Ministers for approval.

Publish Date: 9th October 2015

Last Updated: 15th January 2017

See also

Cambodia, Thailand Partner to Strengthen Cross-Border Biodiversity Conservation

13th February 2018

Cambodia and Thailand have agreed to work together to protect wildlife and ecosystems along their borders. The environment ministries of the two Mekong countries signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on 31 January 2018 to jointly strengthen conservation efforts in transboundary forest areas.

More details

Managing Industrial Pollution in the Greater Mekong Subregion

15th March 2018

After centuries of agricultural dependence, GMS countries have pursued industrialization in recent decades. As a result, their economies are now more diversified and consumer-driven. Although this has brought many socioeconomic benefits, it has created pollution problems, which are worsening.

More details
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