Risk financing for climate resilience (2013-2015)

Rural households and communities in the GMS employ a wide range of strategies to minimize the impact of climatic shocks. These include crop and labor diversification, personal savings, investments in semi-liquid assets such as livestock, and informal risk pooling arrangements among peers.

While helping communities cope with events with low and moderate impacts, these strategies may be insufficient as weather-related shocks become more extreme and frequent with climate change. A lack of effective climate risk financing mechanisms creates a cycle of vulnerability and compromises long-term development. To deal with extreme shocks, many poor households are forced to incur additional debts, distress-sell productive assets, reduce food expenses, and cut education spending. These strategies deplete productive assets, drive poorer households into chronic poverty, and undermine their capacity to adapt to climate change long-term. 

CEP investigated  the role of risk financing in climate change adaptation strategies for rural communities in the GMS. Initial work is a scoping assessment to identify viable local-level financial instruments and strategies that could provide households with financial protection. Community Development Funds will be looked at as a potential mechanism for risk financing initiatives such as savings, micro-insurance, and 'risk pooling.' The study looked at 28 communities involved in the Biodiversity Conservation Corridor project in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam. 

The findings of the study were summarized in a publication:  Risk Financing for Rural Climate Reslience in the Greater Mekong Subregion 


File Name Size Modified
Concept Note​-CEP Phase II Climate Change Adaptation.pdf 236 KB 18-12-2013
Concept Note​-CEP Phase II Risk Financing for Climate Resilience.pdf 228 KB 18-12-2013
CC Risk Financing Report​-Key Findings.pdf 3 MB 15-06-2015
CC Risk Financing Report.pdf 7 MB 15-06-2015
Household survey data.zip 5 MB 11-05-2016
Census data in Lao and Cambodia 2008 ​- 2009​_1.zip 1 MB 11-05-2016

Publish Date: 16th September 2013

Last Updated: 18th May 2017

See also

Consultation Workshop on GMS Climate Change and Environment Sustainability Program (CCESP)

1 to 2 April 2019

Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Climate Change and Environment Sustainability Program (CCESP): The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) on CCESP will build on the key achievements of two phases of the Core Environment Program and support the implementation of the GMS Core Environment Program Strategic Framework and Action Plan 2018-2022, which was endorsed at the Fifth GMS Environment Ministers’ Meeting held in 2018. The CCESP will focus on creating enabling conditions to leverage additional investment in priority areas such as (i) green technologies and sustainable infrastructure; (ii) natural resources and ecosystem services; and (iii) green growth, climate resilience and disaster risk management.

More details

GMS Working Group on Environment 24th Annual Meeting

1st April 2019

The 24th Annual Meeting of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Working Group (WG) on Environment reviewed the achievements of the GMS Core Environment Program Phase II and discussed the way forward. WGE AM-24 was hosted by the People’s Republic of China’s Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) with support from ADB through the GMS Environment Operations Center.


The WGE AM-24 was followed by thematic discussions that covered the proposed new programs entitled: "GMS Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability Program (CCESP)" and "GMS Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Program (SAFSP)" which are aligned with three out of seven operational priorities of Strategy 2030 approved by the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Board in 2018.


The CCESP will focus on ADB Strategy 2030’s operational priority: tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability, while SAFSP will focus on ADB Strategy 2030’s operational priority: promoting rural development and food security. Both programs will support ADB Strategy 2030’s operational priority: fostering regional cooperation and integration.


More details
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