Second round of environmental performance assessments

During the second round of EPAs, increased emphasis was given to building national capacity, producing better quality information, and ensuring that analytical results fed into national planning processes.

National consultants and focal government agencies led the EPA work and this ‘learn-by-doing’ approach has seen the establishment of national EPA offices or ‘nodes’ in the GMS. With the EPA process embedded in government focal agencies, closer collaboration with a wide range of sectors and ministries became easier and in turn resulted in better information and data. 

The second round EPAs continued to analyze the same environmental priority areas as occurred under the first round, namely biodiversity conservation, climate change, poverty reduction, capacity building and sustainable natural resources management. Climate change did, however, become a greater priority for most of the GMS countries during this period.

One notable difference in approach was the use of the Development Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework, an extension of the pressure-state-response framework used for the first round. This has enabled deeper insights into pressures on the environment as well as the social and biophysical impacts associated with environmental change.

The timing of the EPAs was geared around opportunities to influence GMS countries’ national development strategies, such as Lao PDR’s Seventh Five-Year Socio-Economic Development Plan (2011–2015).


File Name Size Modified
Xishuangbanna EPA report.pdf 3 MB 16-06-2015
Xishuangbanna EPA​-Chinese language.pdf 2 MB 16-06-2015
Thailand EPA​-Thai language.pdf 6 MB 16-06-2015

Publish Date: 1st June 2007

Last Updated: 16th June 2015

See also

Managing Industrial Pollution in the Greater Mekong Subregion

15th March 2018

After centuries of agricultural dependence, GMS countries have pursued industrialization in recent decades. As a result, their economies are now more diversified and consumer-driven. Although this has brought many socioeconomic benefits, it has created pollution problems, which are worsening.

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OpEd: Technology Can Drive Green Growth in the GMS

2nd February 2018

The Bangkok Post and China Daily were among five media outlets that published an OpEd about the role of technology in spurring green growth in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

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