SEAs for power development planning in Viet Nam (2007–2011, 2014)

Viet Nam has a rapidly growing demand for electricity, with current growth rates of around 15% per annum expected to continue, or increase, for the foreseeable future. This reflects Viet Nam’s rapid progress in economic development and the country’s growing income, urbanization and changing consumption patterns.

To help understand and manage the implications of future energy demand, two SEAs have been completed for power development planning in Viet Nam.

The first pilot SEA was undertaken by Viet Nam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade with support from the Stockholm Environment Institute and CEP. The purpose of this initial pilot was to develop capacity to integrate environmental sustainability and social equity considerations into strategic planning of hydropower development to meet future demands for electricity generation.

Successful completion of this activity led to a government request for an SEA to support the development of Viet Nam’s national power development plan for 2011–2020 (PDP VII).

Recommendations focused on reducing the environmental impact of power development plans, including reducing dependence on coal-fired thermal plants, as well as creating mechanisms for enabling local communities to strengthen ecosystem management in watersheds.

From mid- 2014, CEP began providing additional SEA support as Viet Nam revises its PDP VII. The revised plan aims to achieve a less thermal-reliant energy mix and better integration of climate change considerations. The revised PDP VII will be extended through until 2030. CEP support is focusing on working with the Institute of Energy to build their capacity in applying impact valuation methodologies to not only identify various impacts, but place a monetary value on them too.

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